Breeding waders in Slovenia
Keywords:population studies, survey, monitoring, Charadriiformes
The paper presents the past and current status of breeding waders in Slovenia. In the 19th century, nine waders were breeding in Slovenia, whereas about 30 years ago about seven species were breeding. Today, thirteen species breed. However, only eight species are regular breeders. The most common species is Lapwing Vanellus vanellus with up to 2,000 pairs, followed by Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius (up to 700 pairs) and Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos (up to 400 pairs). For these species breeding densities in various habitats are also presented. Most Lapwings in Slovenia breed on intensively cultivated fields (e.g. maize, sugar beet, potatoes). Only some pairs still nest on meadows, where a decline has been noticed. Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrines breeds exclusively on the coast, where the population increases.
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