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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The author guidelines have been taken into careful consideration
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.

Author Guidelines

General Guidelines

Submissions should be sent to Scandia's chief editor:

Scandia publishes articles, reviews, and debate articles. Articles concerning theoretical methodological or empirical aspects of Nordic history are welcome. In order to be considered for publishing, submitted manuscripts must be original, high-quality scholarly work written in good English, Swedish, Norwegian, or Danish. The research may not be published, or under consideration for publishing, in any other forum. The subject should also be of interest to a larger history-interested readership. The article should state why the research topic is important and relevant.

To ensure high academic quality, submitted manuscripts are reviewed in several steps. The Chief Editor and at least one other person from the editorial board review submitted articles. If a manuscript meets initial requirements for publishing, it is sent for double-blind peer review. These peer review statements form the basis for the final decision on publication of a manuscript. Together with the editors' comments the review statements provide a basis for manuscript revisions. The process involves several steps and therefore it can take a long time from when a manuscript is submitted until it is published. By contributing to Scandia, the author agrees that their article will be published via open access on Scandia's website after six months.

No fee is paid for published contributions. Scandia is not responsible for material that has not been specifically requested. 

No submission or publication fees are required for publication in Scandia.

Format and scope

Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following format guidelines will be returned to the author for correction, with no exceptions. This is to keep the process of publishing as short and efficient as possible for both the author and editors.

The author is responsible for ensuring that the text maintains a good level of language. The author will be notified of major changes to the text for approval, while the editors reserve the right to make minor grammatical changes and adjustments to the format.

The length of the article should be between 40,000-70,000 characters, including spaces and footnotes. The article should be followed by an English summary (1500-2500 characters including spaces) if written in one of the Scandinavian languages. All articles should include five keywords in English. Sources are cited in footnotes. No bibliography should be used. Preferrably use one subtitle level and avoid more than two levels (the main title excepted). Because manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed, manuscripts should be anonymised. The author's name, academic degree, possible affiliation, and contact details must instead in given in an e-mail or separate, attached letter.


Book reviews should be between 750-1250 words long, while thematic reviews should be between 2000-3000 words long. At the top of the page write the book's title, the author's name on a new line, then the publisher, year, and number of pages. A review concludes with the reviewer's name. Footnotes should be avoided in reviews. A review should contain an accuate summary and a critical statement about the book's main question, theory, method, source material, most important results, and relation to previous research.


We encourage authors to include illustrations and images, and take this into consideration when deciding what to publish. Images must be high resolution, at least 300 ppi/dip. It is the author's resonsibility to obtain the necessary written permission for reproduction of third-party material; however, it can be done in consultation with the editors.

Format Guidelines


Avoid indentations, blank lines, double spacing, and changes to font size. Do not hyphenate at line breaks; this is done later.


Abbreviations can be used in footnotes, but should be used sparingly in the main text. New abbreviations must be defined before they are used.

Use of Names

In both the main text and footnotes, a person's full first and last name must be used the first time they are mentioned. Where applicable, a researcher's discipline should be stated (e.g. "historian of ideas, Anna Andersson").

Italics, Bold, and Underline

Book titles, names of newspapers,  and magazines are italicized in the main text and in the footnotes. Italics may also be used to mark words in other languages and phrases or specific concepts. Do not use bold or underline. Article titles are indicated by used quotation marks.

Citation Marks

Shorter quotations in the main text are indicated by quotation marks, longer quotations are written as block quotations (use the format "quotations" in the style template). Omitted words or other changes to quotations are marked with square brackets: […]. When using quotation marks, double quotation marks must always be used ("…"). Pay special attention if you are writing English or German quotes as the word processor can insert other variants. Simple quotation marks ('…') are used to highlight quotations within the quotation. 


Endashes should be used between numbers, for example between years and page references (1956–1965, pp. 34–37). Endashes are also used in expressions that indicate scope and distance (e.g. 5–10 apples, Lund – Malmö). You get this character by pressing Ctrl and the minus sign. A hyphen should be used for compound words (e.g. long-term, up-to-date, Danish-Swedish). 


Numbers up to eleven are spelled out (with the exception of measurements), and then numbers are used (with the exception of large round numbers, such as one hundred, one thousand, etc.). Percentages are always written with numbers while the percentage sign is written with letters (percentage and not "%"). However, the percentage sign can be used in tables and footnotes.


In the main text, dates are written out in full (the 7 January 1865). In the footnotes, write the date with a slash between the day and the month (7/1 1865). Write out the complete years (1950s, not 50s; 1978, not '78).


Footnotes should be used. Do not include a final references section.

The Oxford Style is used according to the following template. 

The first time a work is cited in a footnote apply the following format:

Book: Björn Asker, Officerarna och det svenska samhället 1650–1700, Uppsala 1983, p. 172.

Article: Curt Weibull, ”Bidrag till tolkningen av Knut den heliges gåvobrev till Lunds domkyrka år 1085”, Scandia 1989:1, p. 7.

Article in an anthology: Kevin Sharpe, ”The image of virtue. The court and household of Charles I, 1625–1642”, in The English Court. From the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War, David Starkey (ed.), London 1987, pp. 237–241.

The first time a work is mentioned you must give a full citation and include all bibliographical information (as above). Subsequent citations are indicated by using the author name, date and page (e.g. Sharpe 1987, p. 237).

For multiple authors or editors, use "&".

References to several works in the same footnote are distinguished by semicolons.

Always use endashes between page references (pp. 450–469).

Avoid using ff. Instead provide the exact page numbers.

Write English titles using capitals (The English Court. From the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War). This only applies to book titles, not articles.

Internet sources: First specify the title of the document, then provide the complete address, and finally, the date the document was accessed. For example: Submissions in Scandia, (2021-05-24). Remove hyperlinks, underlining, or any other automatic formatting.

Unprinted material: The reference should start with specifics and end with general information: document, archive, archival institution. Any clarification is placed last. The first time any unprinted material is mentioned you must provide a full citation. Subsequent citations may use an abbreviation specified in parentheses (e.g. RA for Riksarkivet).

Scandia otherwise refers authors to the "Swedish writing guidelines" issued by the Swedish Language Board.

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