Survival and population development of the Goshawk Accipiter gentilis in Sweden
Keywords:breeding success, population studies, mortality rate, bird ringing, bird banding, ringing recoveries, bird of prey, raptor
In this study I have used recovery data from 691 Goshawks Accipiter gentilis that were ringed as nestlings between 1971 and 1990. The survival of the Goshawk was 34.4% in the first year, 61.6% in the second year, and 73.5% thereafter. Only 20% of the Goshawks reached an age of 2 years and 2 months, i.e. the age when they make their first breeding attempt. I used data on survival and reproductive success to estimate if the Swedish Goshawks had a stable population size. Provided that all breeding attempts are successful, the population is rather stable (x = +0.8%, 95% confidence limits: -7.6% +9.2%). With a more reasonable estimate of successful breeding attempts (30% of first time breeders, 60% of second time breeders and 100% of thereafter) the population is decreasing with on average 9%. A comparison of mark-recapture data from Swedish Pheasant farms suggests, however, that the Swedish Goshawk population has been rather stable during the 1980s.
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