Malcolm X and Mauthausen
Anti-Semitism, Racism, and the Reception of Malcolm X in the Austrian Muslim Youth
Malcolm X has an enduring significance in his political-religious youth activism for the Austrian Muslim Youth (Muslimische Jugend Österreich, MJÖ), the largest Muslim youth organization in Austria. This essay presents and summarizes findings in previous studies regarding the influence of Malcolm X in hip-hop culture and among young people in Austria in the 1990s, who founded a lasting social movement in 1995. The essay also discusses the lasting relevance of Malcolm X for a new generation of leaders in the MJÖ, who are annually paying tribute to him by discussing his life during the US-imported Black History Month. Based on my analysis of these events and in-depth interviews with the organizers, the essay discusses how Malcolm X was understood by young people of a religious youth organization.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work 6 (six) months after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.