Language purism in the mirror. William Barnes and August Treboniu Laurian
Keywords:purism types, William Barnes , August Treboniu Laurian , Saxon/ Germanic , Latin
The article sets out to draw a very brief comparison of the common features shared by the purist attitudes displayed by two 19th-century English and Romanian scholars, William Barnes and August Treboniu Laurian and classifies them according to the set of criteria devised by Thomas (1991). The paper also goes over several concepts regarding purism. The author of the paper analyses the concept of purism in both countries within the intellectual and temporal dimensions of purism.
William Barnes was a Victorian reformer, a polymath, a priest, a poet in his Dorset dialect and a utopian prescriptivist linguist capitalizing on the Germanic word stock of English and suggesting the removal of excessive Latin & Greek vocabulary. He wrote several linguistic books and poetry. August Treboniu Laurian was an outstanding Romanian reformer and polymath. He penned a theoretical book heralding his reformist belief: “Tentamen Criticum”, in 1840 and a huge Dictionary of the Romanian language in 1876 (after a seven year work) capitalising on the Latin word stock of Romanian and suggesting the removal of non-Latin lexemes.
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Dumitrașcu, K. (2006). A.T. Laurian şi izvoarele istoriei românilor/ A.T. Laurian and the Sources for the History of Romanians). In Analele Universităţii din Craiova, Seria Ştiinţe filologice. Limbi şi literaturi clasice [online]. 3(1-2). 130-136. Retrieved:http://cis01.central.ucv.ro/litere/activ_st/anale_lit_clasice/analele%20univ%20cvlimbi%20si%20literaturi%20clasice%20nr.%201-2.2006.pdf on 22.10.2022
Laurian, A.T., Massim, I.C. (1871-1876) Dicționariulu Limbei Române / The Dictionary of the Romanian Language, Bucuresci.: Noua typographia a laboratoriloru români
Laurian, A.T. (1840). Tentamen Criticum. Viennae: Typis Congregationis Mechitaristarum
Laurian, Marius. August Treboniu Laurian. Conferinţele Bibliotecii ASTRA (ASTRA Library Conference Proceedings) [online]. 2010, nr. 95 ISSN 1843-4754.
Macrea, D. A. T. Laurian, Cercetări de lingvistică (Linguistic Research), An (Year) XII, Nr. 2, iulie-decembrie (July-December) 1967, p.169-188
McLelland, Nicola, Linguistic Purism, Protectionism, and Nationalism in the Germanic Languages Today, Journal of Germanic Linguistics 21.2 (2009):93–112
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Roșu, Victor Tudor, History Revived by Language. A. T. Laurian’s Romanticist Meta-History, Philobiblon Vol. XIII-2008, p 349-359
Thomas, George (1991), Linguistic Purism, Longman: London
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