Ființele ficționale: ce sunt și la ce folosesc

Fictional beings: What they are and what they are for




fictional entity, fictional realism / antirealism, make-believe , (fictional) truth


My paper problematizes the (non)existence of the fictional beings, addressing a series of important theoretical questions and comparing some relevant (realist / antirealist) answers archived by the modern and contemporary conceptual history. I have examined contrastive philosophical perspectives that define the ontological condition of fictional beings, in an attempt to represent the specific difference of these imaginative constructs and their experiential roles. The argumentative stake of my concise research is to prove that, in the coordinates of the imaginative worlds, fictional beings, their behavior, language, emotions, intentions, help us „read” and interpret real life - they are cognitive tools of exceptional value.


Author Biography

Alina Buzatu, Ovidius University of Constanța, Romania

Dr. Alina Buzatu teaches courses in Theory of Literature and Romanian Literature (Romanian Premodern Literature, Romanian Avant-Garde) at Ovidius University of Constanța, Faculty of Letters. She published three books and several scientific articles and she is a member in important national and international professional associations. Her research interests include pragmasemiotics, comparative poetics, intellectual history of the XXth century, cognitive humanities, inter/multi/transdisciplinary research methodologies.


Cassin, B. (coord.) (2021). Vocabularul european al filosofiilor [European vocabulary of philosophies]. Iași: Polirom.

Currie, G. (1990). The nature of fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Iser, W. (1993). The fictive and the imaginary: Charting literary anthropology. Baltimore/ London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lewis, D. (1973). Counterfactuals. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Lewis, D. (1986). On the plurality of worlds. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Livingston, P. (1991). Literature and rationality: Ideas of agency in theory and fiction. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Llosa, M.V. (2013). Orgia perpetuă: Flaubert și doamna Bovary [The perpetual orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary]. București: Humanitas.

Meinong, A. (1910 /1983). On assumptions. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Parsons, T. (1980). Nonexistent objects. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Plantinga, A.(1979). The nature of necessity. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sainsbury, R.M. (2010). Fiction and fictionalism. London/ New York: Routledge.

Schaeffer, J.M. (2021). Experiența estetică [The aesthetic experience]. București: Tracus Arte.

Thomasson, A. (1999). Fiction and metaphysics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vaihinger, H. (1924/1935). The philosophy of “As If”: A system of the theoretical, practical and religious fictions of mankind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co.

Walton, K. (1990). Mimesis as make-believe: On the foundations of the representational arts. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Zalta, E.N. (1983). Abstract objects: An introduction to axiomatic metaphysics. Dordrecht: Reidel.




How to Cite

Buzatu, A. (2024). Ființele ficționale: ce sunt și la ce folosesc : Fictional beings: What they are and what they are for. Swedish Journal of Romanian Studies, 7(2), 11–19.