Aaltola, E. (2015). Politico-moral apathy and omnivore's akrasia: Views from the rationalist tradition. Politics & Animals, 1(1), 35 - 49.
Animal Aid UK. (n.d.). Animal farming. Retrieved from http://www.animalaid.org.uk/h/n/CAMPAIGNS/factory/ALL////intro.htm
Animal Equality International (n.d.). Investigations. Retrieved from http://www.animalequality.net/investigations
Baehr, P. (2005). Social extremity, communities of fate, and the sociology of SARS. European Journal of Sociology, 46(2), 179 - 211.
Baker, G. (2009). Cosmopolitanism as hospitality: Revisiting identity and difference in cosmopolitanism. Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 34(2), 107 - 28.
Bekoff, M. (2002). Minding animals: Awareness, emotions, and heart. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Bernstein, M. (2004). Neo‐speciesism. Journal of Social Philosophy, 35(3), 380 - 90.
Bray, D. (2013). Pragmatic ethics and the will to believe in cosmopolitanism. International Theory, 5(3), 446 - 476.
Brock, G. (2009). Global justice: A cosmopolitan account. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Brosnan, S. F., Schiff, H. C., & de Waal, F. B. (2005). Tolerance for inequity may increase with social closeness in chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 272, 253 - 280.
Calarco, M. (2004). Deconstruction is not vegetarianism: Humanism, subjectivity, and animal ethics. Continental Philosophy Review, 37(2), 175 - 201.
Calarco, M. (2007). Thinking through animals: Reflections on the ethical and political stakes of the question of the animal in Derrida. Oxford Literary Review, 29(1), 1 - 15.
Calarco, M. (2008). Zoographies: The question of the animal from Heidegger to Derrida. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Cooke, S. (2014). Perpetual strangers: Animals and the cosmopolitan right. Political Studies, 62(4), 930 - 944.
Deacon, T. W. (1998). The symbolic species: The co-evolution of language and the brain. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
De Waal, F. (2011). What is an animal emotion? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1224(1), 191 - 206.
Delanty, G. (2009). The cosmopolitan imagination: The renewal of critical social theory. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Derrida, J. (1991). 'Eating Well,' or the calculation of the subject: An interview with Jacques Derrida. In E. Cadava, P. Connor, & J.L. Nancy (Eds.), Who comes after the subject? (pp. 96 - 119). New York, NY: Routledge Press.
Derrida, J. (1999a). Adieu to Emmanuel Levinas. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Derrida, J. (1999b). Justice, law and philosophy--an interview with Jacques Derrida. South African Journal of Philosophy, 18(3), 279 - 286.
Derrida, J. (2000a). Hostipitality. Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities, 5(3), 3 - 18.
Derrida, J. (2000b). Of hospitality: Anne Dufourmantelle invites Jacques Derrida to respond. (R. Bowlby, Trans.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Derrida, J. (2001). On cosmopolitanism and forgiveness. New York, NY: Routledge Press.
Derrida, J. (2002a). The animal that therefore I am (more to follow). Critical Inquiry, 28(2), 369 - 418.
Derrida, J. (2002b). Acts of religion. New York, NY: Routledge Press.
Derrida, J. (2003). And say the animal responded? In C. Wolfe (Ed.), Zoontologies: The question of the animal (pp. 121 - 146). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Derrida, J. (2005). Rogues: Two essays on reason. (P-A. Brault & M. Naas, Trans.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Derrida, J. (2009). The beast and the sovereign: Volume I. (G. Bennington, Trans.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Derrida, J. & Roudinesco, E. (2004). For what tomorrow? A dialogue. (J. Fort, Trans.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Donaldson, S., & Kymlicka, W. (2011). Zoopolis: A political theory of animal rights. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Donaldson, S., & Kymlicka, W. (2015). Farmed animal sanctuaries: The heart of the movement? Politics & Animals, 1(1), 50 - 74.
Food Empowerment Project. (n.d). Food is power. Retrieved from http://www.foodispower.org
Forrester, K. (2012). Judith Shklar, Bernard Williams and political realism. European Journal of Political Theory, 11(3), 247 - 72.
Francione, G. L. (2008). Animals as persons: Essays on the abolition of animal exploitation. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Francione, G. L. (2012). Animal welfare, happy meat, and veganism as the moral baseline. In D.M. Kaplan (Ed.), The philosophy of food (pp. 169 - 189). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Garnett, T. (2009). Livestock-related greenhouse gas emissions: Impacts and options for policy makers. Environmental Science & Policy, 12(4), 491 - 503.
Gibson, M. (2011). The universal declaration of animal welfare. Deakin Law Review, 16(2), 539 - 67.
Harrison, R. (2013). Animal machines. Boston, MA: Cabi Press.
Holloway, L., Bear, C., & Wilkinson, K. (2014). Re-capturing bovine life: Robot - cow relationships, freedom and control in dairy farming. Journal of Rural Studies, 33(1), 131 - 40.
Hooley, D., & Nobis, N. (2015). A moral argument for veganism. In A. Chignell, T. Cuneo, & M. Halteman (Eds.), Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments About the Ethics of Eating (pp. 92 - 108). New York, NY: Routledge Press.
Horta, O. (2010). What is speciesism? Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics, 23(3), 243 - 266.
Jazeel, T. (2011). Spatializing difference beyond cosmopolitanism: Rethinking planetary futures. Theory, Culture, & Society, 28(5), 75 - 97.
Kant, I. (1991). Kant: Political writings (H.S. Reiss, Ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Kim, J. (2014, January 15). Exclusive interview: Nobel prize winner Alvin Roth on future of food. Retrieved from http://www.peacefuldumpling.com/exclusive-interview-nobel-prize-winner-alvin-roth-on-future-of-food.
King, B. J. (2013). How animals grieve. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
La Caze, M. (2007). At the intersection Kant, Derrida, and the relation between ethics and politics. Political Theory, 35(6), 781 - 805.
Lawford-Smith, H. (2015). Unethical consumption and obligations to signal. Ethics & International Affairs, 29(3), 315 - 330.
Lu, C. (2000). The one and many faces of cosmopolitanism. Journal of Political Philosophy, 8(2), 244 - 267.
McMichael, A. J., Powles, J.W., Butler, C.D. & Uauy, R. (2007). Food, Livestock Production, Energy, Climate Change, and Health, The Lancet, 370(9594), 1253 - 63.
Meatless Monday. (2015, December 7). COP21 and Meatless Monday: Less meat = less heat. Retrieved from http://www.meatlessmonday.com/articles/cop21-meatless-monday-less-meat-less-heat/
Nussbaum, M. C. (1994, October 1). Patriotism and cosmopolitanism. Retrieved from http://bostonreview.net/martha-nussbaum-patriotism-and-cosmopolitanism
Nussbaum, M. C. (2006, February 3). The moral status of animals. Retrieved from http://www.chronicle.com/article/The-Moral-Status-of-Animals/25792
Paulson, S. (2013, April 29). The cosmopolitan ape. Retrieved from http://nautil.us/issue/1/what-makes-you-so-special/the-cosmopolitan-ape.
Pew Commission. (2008). Putting meat on the table: Industrial farm animal production in America. Retrieved from http://www.pewtrusts.org/~/media/assets/2008/pcifap_exec-summary.pdf
Rasmussen, C. E. (2011). The autonomous animal: Self-governance and the modern subject. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Regan, T. (1983). The case for animal rights. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Resnick, B. (2014, March 31). It may take a global vegetarian movement to combat climate change. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/03/it-may-take-a-global-vegetarian-movement-to-combat-climate-change/453762/
Roth, A. (2007). Repugnance as a constraint on markets. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21(3), 37 - 58.
Ryder, R. (2015). Speciesism, painism and happiness: A morality for the twenty-first century. Andrews UK Limited.
Safina, C. (2015). Beyond words: What animals think and feel. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company.
Shapiro, P. (2006). Moral agency in other animals. Theoretical Medicine & Bioethics, 27(4), 357 - 73.
Shklar, J. N. (1964). Legalism: An essay on law, morals, and politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Shklar, J. N. (1990). The faces of injustice. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Singer, P. (2002). Animal liberation. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
Solotaroff, P. (2013, December 10). In the Belly of the Beast. Retrieved from http://www.rollingstone.com/feature/belly-beast-meat-factory-farms-animal-activists
Still, J. (2010). Derrida and hospitality: Theory and practice. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
The Humane League. (n.d.). Cage-free policies are gaining global momentum. Retrieved from http://blog.thehumaneleague.com/cage-free-policies-are-gaining-global-momentum
The Vegan Society. (n.d.). Key facts. Retrieved from https://www.vegansociety.com/about-us/key-facts
Tilman, D. & Clark, M. (2014). Global diets link environmental sustainability and human health. Nature, 515, 518 - 522.
Townsend, S. W., Koski, S. E., Byrne, R. W., Slocombe, K. E., Bickel, B., Boeckle, M., Braga Goncalves, I., Burkart, J. M., Flower, T., Gaunet, F., & Glock, H.J. (2016). Exorcising Grice's ghost: an empirical approach to studying intentional communication in animals. Biological Reviews (Forthcoming).
Walker, A. (1988). Living by the word: Selected writings, 1973 - 1987. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace.
Well-Fed World. (n.d). Our mission. Retrieved from http://awfw.org/mission/
Wood, D. (1999). Comment ne pas manger--Deconstruction and humanism. In H. P. Steeves (Ed.), Animal others: On ethics, ontology, & animal life (pp. 15 - 36). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
World Animal Protection. (n.d.). Protecting animals in communities. Retrieved from https://www.worldanimalprotection.org/our-work/protecting-animals-communities
World Day for Farmed Animals. (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.dayforanimals.org
Yoder, K. (2016, May 21). Climatarian, vegavore, reducetarian: Why we have so many words for cutting back on meat. Retrieved from http://www.vox.com/2016/5/21/11715014/climatarian-vegavore-reducetarian
Youatt, R. (2012). Power, pain, and the interspecies politics of foie gras. Political Research Quarterly, 65(2), 346 - 58.
Youatt, R. (2014). Interspecies relations, international relations: Rethinking anthropocentric politics. Millennium Journal of International Studies, 43(1), 207 - 223.
- Abstract viewed - 3044 times
- HTML downloaded - 149 times
- PDF downloaded - 385 times
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© Matthew Leep, 2017
Western Governors University
Cosmopolitanism in a Carnivorous World
Vol 3 (2017)
Submitted: Jun 21, 2016
Published: Apr 8, 2017
This essay contributes to an emerging “animal turn” in political theory and International Relations by exploring the possibilities of a cosmopolitanism that is more attentive to human consumption prac- tices involving bodily harm to and destruction of animals. Intertwining Jacques Derrida’s work on hospitality and animals, Judith Shklar’s insights on legalism and passive injustice, and studies on an- imal morality and emotion, I develop what I call “vegan cosmopolitanism.” Vegan cosmopolitanism is a reimagining of cosmopolitanism that is inclusive of nonhuman animals within the global communi- ty and considers the consumption of animal products as a matter of cosmopolitan justice. The ar- guments in this essay seek to reorient cosmopolitanism as a non-anthropocentric perspective on global justice in pursuit of realizing the always-present possibilities of new and inventive ways of encountering and attending to the vulnerabilities of “other” living beings.