Avkollegialiseringen av svenska lärosäten
En analys av statliga universitet och högskolor
The Decollegialization of Higher Education Institutions – an Examination of Public Sector Higher Education Institutions in Sweden
This article surveys current management ideals of higher education institutions (HEIs), and our analytical focus is on the balance between line management and faculty self-governance. We present an empirical study of evolving governance structures including all 31 public sector HEIs in Sweden. The point of departure is the Autonomy Reform of 2011, which resulted in a deregulation of the Higher Education Act and a loss of constitutional support for collegial bodies. To assess the consequences of the reform, we have examined collegial bodies and academic leadership posts before and after the reform. Our findings show escalating line management in the appointment of academic leaders, a diluted role for collegial expertise, and a loss of decision-making authority for collegial bodies. Hence, the decollegialization of HEIs in Sweden. Our study contributes to the existing literature with an unusually comprehensive analysis of the consequences of new managerial ideals at the local institutional level.