Education for Sustainable Development in Norwegian Geography curricula
Nyckelord:ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION, EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, GEOGRAPHY DIDACTICS, GEOGRAPHY CURRICULA
In Norway, environmental education (EE) has been part of schools’ curricula since the 1970s. The concept of education for sustainable development (ESD) was introduced after Agenda 21 was introduced at the UN conference on environment and development held in Rio in 1992. The article shows there has been little change in the geography curricula since the concept ESD was introduced, and no important differences are found between curricula for mandatory schooling (classes 1–10) and curricula for upper secondary schools. ESD is mentioned in the geography curricula but without explanation and implementation. Core goals in the general national core curricula may indicate a change to ESD, but they have not been followed in the development of geography curricula in Norway.