Phenomenology of AI-Generated "Entity Encounter" Narratives




AI, content analysis, entity encounters, HP-S, narrative construction, phenomenology, anomalous experience


Objective: We used the ChatGPT-3.5 artificial intelligence (AI)-based language program to compare twelve types of mystical, supernatural, or otherwise anomalous entity encounter narratives constructed from material in the publicly available corpus of information, and compared their details to the phenomenology of spontaneous accounts via the Survey of Strange Events (SSE) and the grounded theory of Haunted People Syndrome (HP-S). Methods:  Structured content analysis by two independent and masked raters explored whether the composite AI-narratives would: (a) cover each encounter type, (b) map to the SSE’s Rasch hierarchy of anomalous perceptions, (c) show an average SSE score, and (d) reference the five recognition patterns of HP-S. Results: We found moderate evidence of a core encounter phenomenon underlying the AI-narratives. Every encounter type was represented by an AI-generated description that readily mapped to the SSE, albeit their contents showed only fair believability and low but generally positive correlations with each other. The narratives also corresponded to below-average SSE scores and referenced at least one HP-S recognition pattern. Conclusions: Prototypical depictions of entity encounter experiences based on popular source material certainly approximate, yet not fully match, the phenomenology of their real-life counterparts. We discuss the implications of these outcomes for future studies.

Author Biography

Brian Laythe

Brian Laythe (Ph.D.) is Managing Editor of the Journal of Scientific Exploration and the Founder and Director of the Institute for the Study ofReligious andAnomalous Experience(I.S.R.A.E.)and Managing Partner of Iudicium, aforensic psychologyconsultancy. He obtained hisMaster’s and Doctorate degreesin Experimental Psychology from the University of New Hampshire.


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How to Cite

Houran, J., & Laythe, B. (2023). Phenomenology of AI-Generated "Entity Encounter" Narratives . Journal of Anomalous Experience and Cognition, 3(2), 335–368.



Research articles