Positiva förändringsprocesser bland unga vuxna i öppenvård
Positive processes of change among young adults in out-patient care
In contemporary society, the transition phase from adolescence to adulthood is often described as a period of moving back and forth between youthful dependency and independent adulthood in what is called ”yo-yo transitions”. However, studies of young people in need of out-of-home care, or other child welfare, for psychosocial problems, show that this vulnerable group have limited possibilities to make these transition movements. e present study investigates positive change processes during this particular part of life in out-patient care clients. e research questions are: (1) How do young adult clients describe important factors for a positive process of change? and (2) How are important factors related to the treatment described by clients and by treatment sta? Data consists of seven personnel interviews and twenty interviews with young adults who have completed out-patient care. e results suggest that the relation between an individual treatment staand the young adult is central for the positive change process. In the discussion it is suggested that the preconditions for this relation are: (1) A genuine engagement and dedication from the professional. (2) With this rst point as a foundation, the mastering of a spectrum of professional methods and the ability to choose when to use them are necessary means for positive change processes to come about. (3) A supportive organisation and leadership are crucial for setting the frames that make the rst two points possible to establish.