Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning <p>Scandia är en historievetenskaplig tidskrift som behandlar centrala teman i nordisk historieforskning. Tyngdpunkten ligger på nordisk och övrig europeisk historia samt på historisk teori/metod och historiografi. Tidskriften utkommer två gånger om året. Scandia klassificeras som en nivå 1-tidskrift enligt <a href=";bibsys=false" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Norska listan.</a></p> Srray sv-SE Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 0036-5483 Redaktören har ordet Svante Norrhem Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1 Lump: textil återvinning under det långa 1800-talet <p>Textile recycling is an important contemporary issue and a field of research for which the aim is a circular economy in order to hinder the negative impact of increasing textile consumption on environment and climate. However, when it comes to textiles, the linear economy has a short history. This article is about textile recycling and the trade of rags during a long nineteenth century. The amount of textiles increased in Swedish households, leading to an increase also in the supply of rags. A number of changes led to a growing demand for rags during the first half of the nineteenth century as a resource for the production of paper, followed in the latter half of the century by a growing demand for wool rags within the textile industry. While the importance of rags for the paper industry is well known, this article sheds new light on the importance of rags for textile production. Sources show that as much as 40 percent of the wool used within Swedish wool manufactures at the end of the nineteenth century came from wool rags. The trade with rags was performed at different levels: from individual rag collectors and small rag­and­bone dealers to a large­scale international trade. The circular economy of textiles meant that textile waste became a nec­essary part of a growing textile production, which in turn created possibil­ities for an83 increased consumption and thus more textile waste. Thus, this article supports previous research pointing out that waste not only was the necessary, unfortunate bi­product of industrialization, but also a prerequisite for increased production.</p> Ylva Sjöstrand Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1 Private Wealth Accumulation in Eighteenth Century Scandia <p>From the introduction: "This study sets out from the empirical observation that eighteenth century farmers in north-eastern Scania, in the very south of Sweden, began accumulating financial wealth in the form of both public banknotes and private promissory notes. Based on a kind of fractional reserve banking, banknotes were obviously used to guarantee a more extensive issue of private promissory notes, which at the same time served as legal tender or means of payment in the local area. This is an examination of how these farmers emerged in Oppmanna parish and how they invested and passed on the return on the money they lent to their sons and daughters. The research question thus focuses on creditors and how they operated, as well as how potential borrowers knew about available funds in their local community."</p> Anders Perlinge Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1 Bortom realismen? <p>This article examines debates on historical theory in the journals Historisk tidskrift and Scandia between 1965, when theory is frequently said to have been introduced in Swedish historiography, and 2009. The study focuses on discussions on the epistemological concepts “theory”, “objectivity”, “relativism”, “truth”, and “neutrality”. It is shown that some historians initially perceived theory as a threat to empirically driven studies. Theory was sometimes understood as synonymous with social science theory and sometimes as synonymous with historical materialism. This was only the case up until the late 1970s, when the notion that theory in some sense should be part of historical research gained increasing acceptance. It was no longer thought of as a threat to empiricism and realist epistemology.</p> <p>Accepting the place of theory in historical research led to insights about the impossibility of neutrality, which brought about debates on relativism, objectivity, subjectivism, and truth. The threat from relativism was intensified as postmodernism was introduced in the journals in the late 1980s. Postmodernism was initially seen as the antithesis to knowledge, and some commentators thought that postmodernism reduced history to fiction. However, by the end of the studied period, postmodernism was rather thought of as a possible “inspiration” than as a threat.</p> <p>Epistemological stances are seldom articulated in the debate and central concepts are rarely defined. For this reason, many of the historians talk past one another and have trouble navigating between the extreme positions of total relativism and absolute objectivism, even though few historians actually embrace either of these positions. The main argument of the article is that what is primarily at stake in the debates is a realist view of knowledge. Most historians share the view of knowledge as correspondence and the idea that history is supposed the create representations of a past reality. Postmodernism and theory are only accepted as long as they do not question this underlying assumption.</p> <p>The article concludes by suggesting that history should abandon the realist view of knowledge and its associated vocabulary for a pragmatic approach to historiography. According to Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen, such an approach would look upon history as a rational practice and a matter of argumentation, rather than representation.</p> Bruno Hamnell Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1 Scandia utblick: Historiska perspektiv på 1970-talet <p>Denna 'Scandia utblick' diskuterar historiska perspektiv på 1970-talet med utgångspunkt i både svensk och internationell forskning.</p> Karl Haikola Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1 Temarecension: Svenska kyrkan och samerna - en mörk historia <p>I en ny antologi och ett vitboksprojekt lyftas fram utbytet som samerna har haft med Svenska kyrkan - på gott och ont.. <br><em>De historiska relationerna mellan Svenska kyrkan och samerna. En vetenskaplig antologi.<br>Samerna och svenska kyrkan. Underlag för kyrkligt försoningsarbete.<br></em></p> Jonny Hjelm Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1 Recensioner - - Copyright (c) 2020 Scandia : Tidskrift för historisk forskning 2020-05-27 2020-05-27 86 1