The Ibadi perspective on the early caliphate di ers from that of both Sunnis and Shi‘a. From their point of view, the only legitimate way to come to power is not through familial or tribal a liation or through divine selection, but through selection by the leading men of the Muslim community
(Ho man 2012: 7).
e Mozabites are peculiar in several respects. ey represent a small Berber island in an Arab sea; they are the only city-dwellers in the Sahara; they practice a erce and exclusive form of Islamic puritanism but in an urban and not a tribal frame of society; and they have kept their institutions intact
(Alport 1954: 34).
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