Motiv, aspirationer och drivkrafter bland disputerade sjuksköterskor, lärare och socionomer
Why doctoral education? Motivational factors and aspirations among nurses, teach- ers and social workers
A significant feature of our knowledge-based society is the gradual academization and professionalization of a growing numbers of occupations. In Sweden, as in other countries, this academization has in several cases led to the establishment of profession-based university disciplines, with professors and PhD programmes, in order to develop and reinforce a scienti c base for profes- sional practice and education. A crucial element in this process is that professional practitioners are expected to seek admission to these doctoral programmes, and thereby choose a career as a researcher, and in varying degrees become involved in the continued development of scientific knowledge within their discipline.
This article is based on a survey with 749 respondents and the aim is to examine and compare motives and aspirations among nurses, teachers and social workers to undertake doctoral educa- tion. Over 90 per cent of the respondents have stayed in academia as teachers and researchers after their PhD. e results show that multiple motives are normal but that desire for personal growth and personal challenge dominates declared motives in all groups. However, social workers more often stresses political aspirations, while nurses and teachers more often highlight professional and practice-oriented motivation. Furthermore, motives also have some impact on the subject of the dissertation. Studies on patients and professional practice and methods are, for instance, more common among nurses compared to social workers, where research more frequently deals with organizations, social problems and social policy issues. Finally, some implications for research policy, and the continual debate about the gap between research and professional practice, are discussed.